Dragana Putnikovic

My China

三人行,必有我师 / 孔子

If three men walk together, one of them can teach me sth. / Confucius

VIEW MOVIE -我们天上见 - See you in Heaven /Lan

VIEW VIDEO - MY CHINA

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Maybe God wants us to meet a few wrong people before meeting the right one, so that when we finally meet the person, we will know how to be grateful.
在遇到梦中人之前,上天也许会安排我们先遇到别的人,在我们终于遇见心仪的人时,便应当心存感激。

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THREE FRIENDS IN COLD WEATHER

Pine, bamboo and plum have always been regarded by Chinese people as the most beloved plants because they all thrive through the cold winter days, just like friends who cherish the same ideas welcoming the advent of the spring together.

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Pines are ever-green trees with strong vitality. They flourish even in cold winter, for this very reason they are honored with a character of strong will. However, they are more generally regarded as the symbol of longevity among the masses. photo
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When the day of Cold Dew arives, many plants are withered, while bamboo survives and flourishes as usual in the cold wind. Because bamboo has hollow joints and is upstanding it is gifted with characters of inflexibility and modesty and is honored as a „gentleman“. While Chinese have the folk custom of firing the bamboo cracker to break away from the old and evil, bamboo is also regarded as the symbol for security and auspice, as shown in the traditional decorative paintings. photo
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The Plum is one kind of the famous flowers of China. They are appreciated for their nobleness, purity and modesty which encourage people to improve themselves. Therefore they have always been cherished and extolled by Chinese poets in the past. Plums are also characterized as the advent of good news. Stories about plum and its meaning have been widespread for a long time. photo

花木兰 HUA MULAN (FLOWER LILY MAGNOLIA)

„Click, click, click. Mulan wove cloth in the house. Yet we could not hear the sound of the shuttle, but the sound of Mulan’s sighs...“ (唧唧复唧唧,木兰当户织, 不闻机杼声,唯闻女叹息...).

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This is the opening of the Ballad of Mulan, a well-known folk song in north China. The heroine of this ballad was a heroic woman in the north named Hua Mulan. The song tells how Hua Mulan disguised herself as a man, and joined the army in place of her father.
It is said that Mulan lived in the Northern Wei Dynasty, and that people in the north were found of practicing martial arts. When Mulan was about ten years old, her father, an ex-soldier, taught her military skills, including martial arts, horse riding, archery and swordsmanship. Hua Mulan also read her father’s books on military science in her spare time.
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After Emperor Xiaowen’s reform, the Northern Wei Dynasty saw a picture of socio-economic development and more stable lives. To ward off incursions by the Rouran nomads, the ruler of the Northern Wei ordered that every household provide a man to join an expedition against them. Mulan’s father was old then, and her younger brother was too young to go and fight. So Mulan decided to join the army instead of her father. Mulan spent 12 years in the army. Fighting at the border is even hard for many men, let alone a girl such as Mulan because she had to conceal her identity while fighting against the enemy together with her partners. But Hua Mulan finally completed her mission, and returned home with victory 12 years later. In view of her exploits on the battlefield, the ruler of the Northern Wei offered Mulan a high official position, but she refused it.
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Hua Mulan, for her braveness and purity, has been highly respected as a filial daughter by the Chinese people for hundreds of years. In 1998, her story was adapted into an animated cartoon by Disney in the United States, to the acclaim of viewers young and old.
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THE SPRING FESTIVAL 春节

„The first day of the first lunar month is the New Year in the Chinese lunar calendar. Among the traditional Chinese festivals, this is the most important and the most bustling. Since it occurs at the end of winter and the beginning of spring, people also call it the Spring Festival.

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Chinese have many traditional customs relating to the Spring Festival. From the 23rd day of the 12th lunar month, people start to prepare for the event. Every family will undertake a thorough cleaning, do their Spring Festival shopping, create paper-cuts for window decoration, put up New Year pictures, write Spring Festival couplets, make New Year cakes, and also prepare all kinds of food to bid farewell to the old and usher in the new.
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New Year’s Eve is the time for a happy reunion of all the family members, when they sit around the table to have a sumptuous New Year’s Eve dinner, talking and laughing, until daybreak, which is called „staying up to see the year out“. When the bell tolls midnight on New Year’s Eve, people eat dumplings. In ancient times, midnight was called 子时 zishi (a period of the day from 11 pm to 1 am), and 12 pm was called 子正 zizheng when the old year ended and the New Year began. Dumplings 饺子 jiaozi are eaten because it sounds the same as „change of the year and the day“ in Chinese.
From the first day of the lunar year, people visit relatives and friends, to greet each other, which is an important custom for the Spring Festival. Setting off firecrackers is the favorite activity of children in the Spring Festival. According to legend, this could drive off evil spirits. The continuous sound of firecrackers can be heard everywhere, adding to the atmosphere of rejoicing and festivity.
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Many places hold temple fairs during the Spring Festival. The wonderful dragon lantern dance and lion dance performances, along with various handicraft articles and local snacks attract thousands of people. These customs have been changed a lot over the years, but for the Chinese all over the world, the Spring Festival is the most important day, and firecrackers and dumplings are the two most important things of this day.
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THE BOOK OF SONGS

The Book of Songs is the first collection of poems in China. It recorded in total of 305 poems created over a period of 500 years or so, from the early Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC-771 BC) to the middle of the Spring and Autumn Period. It was said that specific officials were appointed with a sole role of collecting poems among the mass. There was also a rule requiring officials to compose poems and present them to the emperor at that time. The anthology came into being after further compilation. According to the story, all the poems in The Book of Songs were lyrics of the ancient days.

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At the very beginning, The Book of Songs was known as Poems or Three Hundred Poems. The great thinker Confucius used it as a textbook to teach his disciples. It was named as The Book of Songs after the Han Dynasty.
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The Book of Songs is rich in contents. Many of its works depicted the genuine landscape picture of society at that time. Among them, many stories were devoted to love and marriage between young people. Besides, some poems portrayed the hard life of social underclass, some reflected the general public’s resistance to oppression, and aspiration for freedom and happiness. Others denounced the war and the sufferings caused by it. The poems in The Book of Songs mainly consist of four-character verses. They are original in wording, harmonious in rhythm, concise in style, and pleasant to read.

For instance:

THERE SHE IS GATHERING VINE
A DAY WITHOUT SEEING HER
IS LIKE THREE AUTUMNS.

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This poem entitled Gathering vine expresses a young man’s pinning for his love. The tenor is that she has gone to gather vine and was unseen for one day which is like three years for that young man.
The popular idiom One day without seeing is like three autumns originated from this poem.
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The Book of Songs is not only a valuable resource for studying ancient Zhou society, but also the root of Chinese poetry. It has a great impact upon the development of poetry in later times, in terms of both its ideological and artistic achievements.

CHINESE TEA

The Chinese people like to drink tea, and often entertain friends and guests with it. The tea leaf is a necessity in the life of the Chinese people.

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China is the homeland of tea. The ancient Chinese first used it for medicinal purposes before developing tea as a drink. As regards the method of making tea, the Chinese variety can be classified into green tea, black tea, tuo tea (bowl-shaped compressed mass of tea leaves), and brick tea, each consisting of many types.
Green tea is not fermented. Famous green tea includes the Longjing tea from the region of the West Lake in Hangzhou, the Biluochun the from Jiangsu, the Maofeng tea from Huangshan Mountain of Anhui Province, and the Liu’an Guapian tea from Liuan County of Anhui Province.
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Black tea is fermented, and is brilliant red. Famous Chinese black tea is the keemun tea of Anhui Province, and the Dian black tea (Yunnan black tea) of Yunnan Province. Oolong tea is half fermented, its leaves being loose and thick, and the tea is golden yellow. The best oolong tea is produced in Wuyi Mountain of Fujian Province.
Scented tea is peculiar to China, which is made by smoking tea leaves with fragrant flowers. The most famous one is jasmine tea produced in Fujian Province.
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Tuo tea, produced in Yunnan and Sichuan, is compressed like a round steamed bun.
Brick tea is shaped like a brick, and is a favorite of the Mongolian and Tibetan ethnic groups. Drinking tea can quench one’s thirst, dispel fatigue, help digestion and prevent some diseases. The constant drinking of tea is quite beneficial for people’s health.
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Contact

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The moon represents my heart Famous Chinese song - instrumental

Quote Smile, breathe and go slowly.